Inundation Map Samples
Missouri Department of Natural Resources Map
As EAPs are developed on HHP dams it is imperative that inundation maps be included. With grant assistance from FEMA, these inundation maps were developed by the staff of the Water Resources Center of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The dam, located outside the lower right area of Map 1, is more than 40 feet high and holds back about 1,000 acre-feet of water when the reservoir is full. The first map shows the length of time before flood waters would reach various downstream points. A separate, more detailed inundation map was drawn for each section of the stream. Maps 2 and 3 show the initial sections of the inundation zone and vital information. This includes roads that would be overtopped, arrival time of flood waters at key points, peak water elevation time after the breach, flow of water expected and its depth. LiDAR data was used to create the model for these inundation maps.
A Typical EAP Inundation Map
This inundation map sample is one of four contiguous maps in the EAP for a typical HHP dam with parts of a community within the inundation zone. The EAP was prepared according to USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) guidelines. U.S. Geological Survey quad maps were used as a basis for the maps plus field surveys to arrive at the approximate inundation boundaries. The impact area that could be flooded includes offices, a health clinic, a house used for youth activities, an auto dealership, city parks, and several residences, including 19 housing authority units and more than a dozen homes.
The blue dotted line running through the trees is the stream channel below the dam. The red boundary lines and hatch marks inside them indicate the potential inundation area if the dam were to fail. The yellow lines intersecting the inundation area identify river stage locations and correlate with floodwater elevations expected at specific locations below the dam.
USDA/NRCS Map Example
This is an inundation map created by the USDA National Resources Conservation Service as part of an example of what should be included in a complete EAP for a HHP dam. While it is labeled an Evacuation Map, it does not show evacuation routes, which many Emergency Management Directors will add to an EAP after the EAP has been completed by the dam owner. Importantly, it shows specific dwellings at risk and in need of evacuation, and the depth of water over roadways that would need to be closed.
Taum Sauk Map
This map shows the flooding that resulted from the release of 1.5 billion gallons of water in December 2005 when there was a breach of the Taum Sauk Upper Reservoir in Missouri. Campgrounds and other facilities at Johnson's Shut-Ins State Park were devastated. Because of the time of year the only persons present were a park ranger and his family, who suffered injuries. Their home was destroyed. The map illustrates how U.S. Geological Survey maps, geospatial data, and LiDAR data can be used as the basis for inundation mapping. Overlaying county assessor maps and highway maps will reveal homes, businesses, structures, and roadways at risk. The Missouri Department of Natural Resources has posted an online update on restoration of the park.